- Bar, M. et al. Top-down facilitation of visual recognition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103, 449–454 (2006).
- Blake, R., Brascamp, J. & Heeger, D. J. Can binocular rivalry reveal neural correlates of consciousness? Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 369, 20130211 (2014).
- Blake, R. & Tong, F. Binocular rivalry – Scholarpedia. Scholarpedia (2008). doi:10.4249/scholarpedia.1578
- Buzsaki, G. Rhythms of the Brain. (Oxford University Press, 2006).
- Carmel, D., Arcaro, M., Kastner, S. & Hasson, U. How to create and use binocular rivalry. J. Vis. Exp. 1–8 (2010). doi:10.3791/2030
- Carter, O. Binocular Rivalry Tutorial. (2006). Available at: http://visionlab.harvard.edu/Members/Olivia/tutorialsDemos/Binocular Rivalry Tutorial.pdf
- Carter, O. L. et al. Modulating the Rate and Rhythmicity of Perceptual Rivalry Alternations with the Mixed 5-HT2A and 5-HT1A Agonist Psilocybin. Neuropsychopharmacology 30, 1154–1162 (2005).
- Clark, A. Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science. Behav. Brain Sci. 36, 181–204 (2013).
- Dieter, K. C. & Tadin, D. Understanding Attentional Modulation of Binocular Rivalry: A Framework Based on Biased Competition. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 5, 155 (2011).
- Gershman, S., Vul, E. & Tenenbaum, J. Perceptual multistability as Markov chain Monte Carlo inference. in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 611619 (2009).
- Hayashi, R. & Tanifuji, M. Which image is in awareness during binocular rivalry? Reading perceptual status from eye movements. J. Vis. 12, 5–5 (2012).
- Hohwy, J., Roepstorff, A. & Friston, K. Predictive coding explains binocular rivalry: An epistemological review. Cognition 108, 687–701 (2008).
- Hong, S. W. & Shevell, S. K. The influence of chromatic context on binocular color rivalry: Perception and neural representation. Vision Res. 48, 1074–1083 (2008).
- Knapen, T. Research Interests (Binoculary Rivalry). 2015–2016 (2017). Available at: http://tknapen.net/research.html.
- Leopold, D. A. & Logothetis, N. K. Multistable phenomena: changing views in perception. Trends Cogn. Sci. 3, 254–264 (1999).
- Logothetis, N. K. Single units and conscious vision. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 353, 1801–1818 (1998).
- Lumer, E. D. Neural Correlates of Perceptual Rivalry in the Human Brain. Science (80-. ). 280, 1930–1934 (1998).
- Noë, A. Action in Perception. (MIT Press, 2004).
- O’Regan, J. K. & Noë, A. A sensorimotor account of vision and visual consciousness. Behav. Brain Sci. 24, 939–973 (2001).
- O’Shea, R. P., Parker, A., La Rooy, D. & Alais, D. Monocular rivalry exhibits three hallmarks of binocular rivalry: Evidscore by Rutger Zuydervelt (Machinefabriek)ence for common processes. Vision Res. 49, 671–681 (2009).
- Pelekanos, V., Roumani, D. & Moutoussis, K. The effects of categorical and linguistic adaptation on binocular rivalry initial dominance. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 5, 1–8 (2012).
- Penny, W. Bayesian Models of Brain and Behaviour. Int. Sch. Res. Not. 2012, e785791 (2012).
- Sacks, O. A Neurologist’s Notebook: The Mind’s Eye. What the blind see. The New Yorker 48–59 (2003).
- Sacks, O. A Neurologist’s Notebook: To See And Not See. The New Yorker (1993).
- Schultz, W. & Dickinson, A. Neuronal Coding of Prediction Errors. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 23, 473–500 (2000).
- Scroggins, M. Binocular Rivalry and Luster. Available at: https://michaelscroggins.wordpress.com/explorations-in-stereoscopic-imaging/retinal-rivalry-and-luster/.
- Tong, F. Competing Theories of Binocular Rivalry: A Possible Resolution. Brain Mind 2, 55–83 (2001).
- Tong, F., Nakayama, K. & Vaughan, J. T. ScienceDirect – Neuron : Binocular Rivalry and Visual Awareness in Human Extrastriate Cortex. Neuron 21, 753–759 (1998).
- Tong, F., Meng, M. & Blake, R. Neural bases of binocular rivalry. Trends Cogn. Sci. 10, 502–511 (2006).
- Wilson, H. R., Blake, R. & Lee, S. H. Dynamics of travelling waves in visual perception. Nature 412, 907–910 (2001).
- Binocular Rivalry – Wikipedia. Wikipedia Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binocular_rivalry.
If you are currently at STRP and have experienced the installation, I would very much appreciate a few words of feedback here.
“We see things not as they are, but as we are.”
(Anaïs Nin? Babylonian Talmud? Immanuel Kant? G. T. W. Patrick? H. M. Tomlinson? Steven Covey? Anonymous?)
FIGHT is a Virtual Reality artwork commissioned by STRP in which the viewer’s two eyes are individually presented with radically different images, resulting in a phenomenon known as binocular rivalry. Presented with rival signals, the conscious mind does not ‘see’ – or perceive – both images blended as one might expect, but instead ‘sees’ only one of the two images, and unpredictably alternates between them with unstable, patchy transitions. Which of the two images the viewer perceives, how and when they alternate depends on the viewer’s physiology. Everybody will ‘see’ something unique, even though they are presented with the same images. The act of looking around and exploring the rival stimulus allows the viewer to probe which sections of each signal becomes dominant and which is suppressed, further underlining the notion that seeing – and in broader terms sensing and perception in general is an active process, driven by movement, expectations and intent. The picture we see in our conscious minds is not a direct representation of the outside world, or of what our senses deliver, but is of a simulated world, reconstructed based on our expectations and prior beliefs.
The work is part of a broader line of inquiry about self affirming human biases and our unconscious tendency to selectively only see what we would like to see, and the resulting social polarisation.
Commissioned by and premiering at STRP 2017 in Eindhoven, opening on 24th March 2017. More information and documentation coming soon.